Urban street types and transformation examples

Apr 29,2019 - ARTICLES
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The city's street network is its circulatory system. As in human circulatory system, streets also have different functions. Some street types have more traffic functions, others have less. In this article, we would like to emphasize the possible transformation of streets.

Main highway (arterial) avenues / streets

The main avenues are the streets that connect the different parts of the city. Such streets have a very important traffic function both in public transport and in the intensive flow of cars.

Baku also has some main avenues, but the problem is that the car capacity function of these avenues are exaggerated.

For instance, in this picture you can see the previous state of Heydar Aliyev Avenue:

Current view of Heydar Aliyev Avenue:

Babek avenue:

Nobel avenue:

As you can see, highway function is given to main avenues or at least they are trying to do so. This is a totally wrong solution.

So what does the modern approach say? According to modern approach, it is possible to create more favorable conditions for public transport on such large avenues.

The following illustrations show the transformation of avenues that are unfavorable for public transport:

Before:

After:

The more narrow avenues shown in Figure 2. 

Before:

After:

Large streets are important for a city

These streets (sometimes they are called avenues) have very important traffic functions, but unlike the main avenues, pedestrian and business activity is livelier here. In Baku, these streets are one-way and two-way. The car speed cannot be over 50 km/h in these streets.

For instance, Inshaatchilar avenue:

Or Uzeyir Hacibeyov street:

Azadlig avenue:

Huseyn Javid avenue:

Unfortunately, , the interests of pedestrians, cyclists and public transport in these streets are in the second place. There are quite a number of one-way streets in Baku that are not suitable for public transportation.

In the modern approach, the construction of the streets is shown in the following illustrations.

One-way street before reconstruction:

One-way street after reconstruction:

Two-way street before reconstruction:

Two-way street after reconstruction:

Local streets

While organizing mobility on local streets, full priority should be given to pedestrians and cyclists. The car speed cannot be over 30 km/h in such streets.

For example:

Or:

Common streets

Common streets could be found in a lot of European countries, but, unfortunately, there are no common streets in Baku. There are no sidewalks on the common street and the whole road is common. Pedestrians and drivers can also use a common street simultaneously. The car speed on these streets cannot be over 10-15 km/h.

Common streets also have a special sign :

In our city center, there are streets that could be common streets, but they are currently being used for chaotic parking.

In the first picture, you can see the street that could be used as a common street in our city:

Other examples show some common street:

Next example:

Pedestrian streets

There are pedestrian streets in Baku and almost everybody knows them. For instance: some parts of Nizami street (Torqovaya), some parts of Nigar Rafibeyli and Rasul Rza streets, Fountains square and Mammadamin Rasulzade street.  These streets are considered to be the most active streets in the city.